Authorization is the process of granting a person or entity permission to access or use a specific resource, system, or service. An authority figure or organization may grant authorization, which is subject to certain conditions or requirements.
In a business or organizational setting, authorization may be required to access certain resources, such as company data or systems, or to carry out specific actions, such as making a purchase or initiating a new project. Depending on the organization’s particular requirements, authorization may be granted for a single instance or for a reoccurring request.
Authorization is frequently employed as a security measure to prevent unauthorized access or use of resources; it involves the use of passwords, authentication protocols, or other forms of identification. Authorization is an integral component of many computer systems and networks, as it restricts unauthorized individuals or entities from accessing sensitive information.